Although Richard E. Bishop was best known as an artist, author,
photographer, and sportsman, his formal training and first career was
in engineering. He was born in Syracuse, New York on May 30, 1887, the
son of a railroad man. His father was an ardent gunner of ducks and
geese, and indoctrinated his son at a tender age in the religion called
waterfowl hunting. After graduating from Syracuse High School, Bishop
entered Cornell University and graduated in 1909 with a Masters of Engineering
degree and went to work as an electrical engineer for the Cutler-Hammer
Manufacturing Company in Milwaukee. After four years in the military,
he and his wife moved to Philadelphia where he worked at a manufacturing
plant as both Secretary and Sales Manager, positions he held until his
retirement from business in 1933. Bishop's career as an artist began,
largely by accident, in 1920. He was in charge of a plant that fabricated
copper products. Discarded copper printing plates were often brought
in, to be melted down and "recycled." This struck Bishop as a waste,
so one day he rescued a plate, covered it with wax, and etched a portrait---human,
not avian---using a phonograph needle as his stylus. Four years later,
his "Canada Geese" won the Charles M. Lea prize awarded by the Philadelphia
Although Bishop learned the basics of printmaking from the eminent
graphic artist Ernest Roth of the Connecticut School, in most respects
he was self-taught. He appropriated the techniques and nuances of the
intaglio media---etching, drypoint, and aquatint---through trial and
error, relying on his critical, engineer's eye to guide his hand. He
built his own printing press for his limited editions, keeping the entire
printmaking process in his own hands.
In 1936, J. N. "Ding" Darling, then Chief of the U. S. Biological Survey,
asked Bishop if his elegant drypoint of Canada Geese, "Coming In," could
be the basis for the third Federal Duck Stamp. Bishop agreed, with the
stipulation that he be granted complete control over the final design.
It marked the first and last time such control was extended. The Bishop
stamp was unique in that the image itself was free from lettering; the
printing appeared outside the borders. It was also the first stamp to
be made into a print. Bishop was an astute businessman, as Malcolm Rowe
puts it, "He was never one to miss a profit center."
Richard E. Bishop at Delta, Manitoba in 1949. The photograph was taken by Charles W. Schwartz. Permission was given for the reproduction of the photograph by Michael L. Miller. Thanks Mike. glt
the use of photography as a source of reference material, an application
now taken for granted. "Don't say ducks NEVER do something," he concluded.
"Say that they SELDOM do it."
He continued to paint virtually until the end, although diabetes robbed
him of his once inexhaustible vigor. Richard Bishop died in 1975.
| Our good and departed friend, Malcolm Rowe. Malcolm was responsible
for much of my "education" on the printmaking works
of Richard E. Bishop.
This photograph was taken of Malcolm Rowe in front of his
home in Cape May New Court House, New Jersey in 1992. GLT